E-Rickshaws: Paving Way For Sustainable Future In Public Transportation

Mitull Batraa
Mitull Batraa Dec 21 2023 - 4 min read
E-Rickshaws: Paving Way For Sustainable Future In Public Transportation
The positive impact on the environment positions e-rickshaws as a crucial component in India's efforts to address pollution concerns and move towards cleaner transportation alternatives.

In recent years, the e-rickshaw market in India has witnessed remarkable growth, reflecting a broader global shift towards sustainable transportation solutions. With a market size reaching USD 1.2 billion in 2022 and expected to reach USD 2.3 billion by 2028, the e-rickshaw sector is poised to play a pivotal role in shaping the future of public transportation in India. Let us look at the trends, challenges, and the pivotal role of e-rickshaws in fostering a greener and more sustainable urban mobility landscape.

Driving Forces behind E-Rickshaw Growth

The surge in the popularity of e-rickshaws can be attributed to multiple factors. The growing awareness among the Indian populace about the benefits of e-rickshaws, including reduced environmental impact and cost-effectiveness, has been a key driver. The Government of India's proactive stance in promoting electric vehicles in public transportation further accelerates this trend. Incentives provided by authorities to e-rickshaw manufacturers, coupled with their affordability and maneuverability on urban roads, have contributed to the market's robust growth.

Environmental Benefits

One of the significant advantages of e-rickshaws is their contribution to environmental sustainability. These vehicles help mitigate air and noise pollution, with the potential to reduce at least 1,036.6 tonnes of CO2 emissions daily, equating to 3,78,357 tonnes annually, when replacing traditional compressed natural gas autos. The positive impact on the environment positions e-rickshaws as a crucial component in India's efforts to address pollution concerns and move towards cleaner transportation alternatives.

Market Trends And Regional Dynamics

Data from Vahan indicates that Uttar Pradesh leads in registered e-rickshaws, with 4,03,411, followed by Delhi (1,17,885) and Bihar (1,08,669). Delhi boasts the highest concentration of e-rickshaws per million population, showcasing the vehicle's popularity in the national capital. This regional disparity emphasizes the need for a widespread adoption strategy and infrastructure development to ensure uniform growth across the country.

Challenges And Solutions

Despite the promising growth, challenges persist in the e-rickshaw sector. Initial concerns about inadequate charging infrastructure and range anxiety have diminished due to rapid development. However, other obstacles, such as dependence on imports, high upfront costs, and outdated diesel vehicle scrapping regulations, still need to be addressed. Government initiatives and collaborations with local authorities can play a pivotal role in overcoming these challenges, fostering the necessary conditions for sustained growth.

Government Support And Policy Initiatives

India's ambitious electric vehicle (EV) vision aims for widespread adoption, with a projected market growth of USD 152.2 billion by 2030. The government's commitment is evident through initiatives like the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme, launched in 2015. This scheme provides financial incentives to manufacturers and buyers, creating a conducive environment for EV adoption. The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) targets 6-7 million electric vehicles on Indian roads by 2025, aligning with the broader goal of achieving significant EV penetration in different vehicle segments.

Battery E-Rickshaws: Revolutionizing Last-Mile Connectivity With Speedy Growth

Battery-operated e-rickshaws have emerged as a game-changer in urban and peri-urban transportation, comprising 83 per cent of India's EV market, as reported by Down to Earth. These vehicles, with a monthly sale of approximately 11,000 units, offer an affordable and environmentally friendly alternative to traditional auto-rickshaws. Their practical range of 80-100 kilometers on a full charge makes them ideal for short-distance travel, addressing last-mile connectivity challenges. The surge in demand for battery e-rickshaws highlights their operational cost advantages and low maintenance requirements, further solidifying their position as a sustainable choice for drivers and commuters alike.

E-Rickshaw Loaders: Enhancing Goods Transportation

Beyond passenger transportation, e-rickshaws are making significant inroads into goods transportation. E-rickshaw loaders, equipped with spacious cargo compartments, present an efficient and eco-friendly alternative for intra-city deliveries and last-mile logistics. While challenges like limited charging infrastructure and initial upfront costs persist, the potential benefits in reducing emissions and operational costs underscore the importance of continued investment and awareness initiatives.


As India charts its course towards a greener and more sustainable future, e-rickshaws emerge as a beacon of hope in the realm of public transportation. The market's robust growth, driven by government support, environmental awareness, and innovative solutions, positions e-rickshaws as key players in transforming the urban mobility landscape. Overcoming challenges and fostering a supportive ecosystem will be crucial to unlocking the full potential of e-rickshaws in realizing a cleaner, more efficient, and inclusive public transportation system for India.

(Writer is Co-founder and CEO of Udaan E- Vehicles. Views expressed here are those of the writer.)

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